teach a baby to sleep on their ownEvery baby is different, and unfortunately their eating and sleeping patterns can change from one week to the next. Your new baby did not come with a handbook, and his/her development can’t be based on what your older sister did for her baby at the same age. Some babies sleep splendidly as soon as they are home with you, while others may struggle to sleep soundly until they are toddlers. Is there a strategy or technique for teaching your baby to sleep on their own?

Before parenthood, many of us thought that we’d simply be able to feed our newborn and gently place them down to sleep, without any issues or hassle. Instead, parents often discover that their baby may fall asleep after being fed and then rocked to sleep, but as soon as they are placed in their crib the crying starts. A popular concept referred to as “sleep training” may be something to consider.

Sleep training involves helping your baby to fall asleep on their own, without nursing, rocking or using a pacifier. It’s not just having your child “cry it out”, but the concept behind teaching your child they have the ability to fall asleep on their own. Experts state that whatever tools you are using to help your baby fall asleep at night will be the same things they look for in the middle of the night when they need soothing. If they are relying on your soft arms to hold them, while rocking them to sleep, they will miss that comfort and movement when they realize they are in their crib alone. With sleep training, the goal is to comfort your child so they are drowsy but not fast-asleep before lying down for the night. Inevitably, this causes tears, especially in the beginning.

Experts disagree on how much crying is acceptable during sleep training. But research does show that babies older than six months may benefit from sleep training and “controlled” crying. Again, every child achieves developmental milestones at different times so it’s important to know your baby and follow his/her cues. To a parent’s benefit, most pediatricians state that there’s no evidence suggesting it’s psychologically damaging to let a baby cry, as long as it’s for a reasonable amount of time.

Good sleep habits are important regardless if you are 2 or 22 years old. Being able to fall asleep well – and stay asleep – is an important life skill no matter what age you are. Putting a healthy sleep routine into place for your child will help minimize the amount of crying as your child grows and matures. Of course, in the beginning, it may be quite hard to hear those cries and see those tears, but don’t give up.

Around the age of 4 months, babies tend to go through a sleep regression because sleep cycles change. During this time, babies sleep a bit lighter making it a good time to begin working on their sleep development skills. However, if you have a 9-month-old and you’ve never tried to work on a sleep routine, it’s nevertoo late to start. Some experts believe there are benefits to beginning a sleep routine a little later, too. Older babies can typically sleep all night without feedings and they also tend to understand routines better, day or night. Every situation is different, so it’s best to consult with your pediatrician before you implement a sleep-training method. It’s especially important to discuss any thoughts on withholding night-time feedings on younger babies (under 5 months).

Make sure you follow a regular schedule and put your child to bed at a consistent time. This can begin as early as 2 months. By placing your child in bed when they are a bit drowsy but still awake and establishing a calming routine like feeding them and then a bath, will help your child respond better and be ready for sleep.

There are many different methods highlighted in books and articles. Finding the right method for you and your family may take some trial and error. There may be crying and some fussing at night in the beginning of a new sleep training implementation. Keep in mind, if your baby is old enough not to need food in the middle of the night, is active, healthy and happy during the day, one of the most important benefits necessary to thrive is sleep. Doing what you can to create a comfortable sleep oasis is important to your child’s development.

As your child continues to grow, he/she will have the skills needed to fall asleep without too much fuss. Sure, sleep routines will change due to illness, vacations, daycare and/or school, but offering as much consistency as possible and being tuned in to their needs will help all of you adapt to change accordingly. Trying to stay on track with your child’s good routines and not acquire bad habits will be an important part of a restful night’s sleep!

If you would like to learn more about healthy sleep habits for your child, please contact the Association of Childcare Physicians by calling (618) 235-2311 or by visiting our website. Dr. Kellow and Dr. Shaw want your children to stay healthy and safe, learning beneficial sleep habits early.

feed kids before schoolIf we’ve heard it once, we’ve heard it a thousand times, “Breakfast is the most important meal of the day.” In simple terms, it makes sense to eat breakfast since your body has rested for eight hours and it needs the first meal of the day to refuel. It’s even more important to refuel those younger bodies getting ready to learn all day long. But, what is really the best meal to kick-off your child’s school day? Do some meals fare better than others?

Kids Health, an online source of information, offers many guidelines for your child’s health, including what foods are best for our children and their growing bodies. A relatively new program called “Go, Slow, and Whoa!” is a guide for kids wanting to eat right for breakfast as well as every other meal of the day (and snack time, too). This program is associated with the U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, which is part of the National Institute of Health. “Go, Slow, and Whoa!” is a way for all of us to think about food consumption.

The healthiest foods are considered the “Go” foods. Raw veggies, an apple, some grapes and milk or dairy are easy and quick foods to consume and fall in the “Go” category. “Slow” foods are things like hamburgers and pancakes that can be eaten, just not every single day. “Whoa!” foods are the items that may cause weight problems if eaten too often. French fries and ice cream are on the “Whoa!” list. A complete list can be found on their website.

Did you know kids (and adults) who skip breakfast end up eating more calories throughout the day? It’s true. Skipping breakfast is not the best way to lose weight. Some kids may skip breakfast because they end up sleeping in, but there are some easy and quick ways to start your day off right with food that doesn’t take time to prepare. Yogurt, fresh fruit and whole grain muffins are a great way to start the day. Hard boiled eggs are also an easy, on-the-go way to fuel your body first thing in the morning.

Studies show that kids who don’t eat breakfast are less prepared for learning at school, get less iron in their diets and can end up having a higher BMI, which is a body mass index and indicator of being overweight. Want to fend off added calories, weight gain and a negative learning curve? Eat breakfast! Eating a wholesome breakfast may take a little planning the night before, so we’ve included a tasty, easy recipe to start your day with (and it tastes good, too). Enjoy!

Spinach Banana Muffins


2 cups old fashioned oats

¼ cup ground flaxseed

2 tsp baking powder

½ tsp baking soda

½ tsp salt

1 tsp ground cinnamon

½ cup coconut sugar (or your favorite sugar)

½ cup almond milk

2 cups packed spinach leaves

¼ cup coconut oil

2 extra-ripe bananas

2 eggs

1 tsp vanilla

Preheat oven to 375 degrees and grease or line a muffin tin. Blend 2 cups of old-fashioned oats in a blender until it’s the texture of flour. Transfer to a medium mixing bowl. Add the rest of the dry ingredients to the oat flour and set aside. Add almond milk to the blender followed by 2 cups of spinach. Blend until smooth. Add bananas and coconut oil and continue blending. Add vanilla and eggs and blend until combined. Pour wet ingredients to dry mixture and stir to combine, making sure there are no lumps. Fill each muffin with ¼ cup of batter and bake for 20-25 minutes. Muffins can be frozen until ready to heat up and eat!


vaccinating your childIf you haven’t heard about the threat of measles resurfacing, then you haven’t been watching the news or listening to the radio. This year alone, more than 900 cases have been reported, and even anti-vaxxers are taking notice. In 1963, nearly every child in the United States contracted measles before they turned 15, although there’s believed to be even more cases that went unreported. The CDC estimated that 4 million people actually caught the measles every year, resulting in death, hospitalization, encephalitis and brain swelling.

Today, lawmakers, doctors and scientists work diligently to spread the word about the importance of vaccinations. In 1993, the Vaccines for Children Program was created to allow those unable to afford vaccines to get them for free. Regarding measles, the year 2000 was declared “measles free” with the disease no longer being believed to be transmitted amongst Americans. If measles was eliminated from the American population, why is there now a resurgence of it? Measles is among the most contagious diseases in the world and can still be found in some places around the globe. When unvaccinated people travel, their exposure brings the disease back to the U.S. upon their return.

An article on CNBC.com quotes Dr. Paul Offit, director of the Vaccine Education Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, as saying, “It’s hard to un-scare people. It’s easy to scare them, but it’s much harder to un-scare them.” Even though there are almost 20 studies from seven countries that have proven children who receive vaccines are at no greater risk of getting autism from vaccinations, the fear still lives in the news, anti-vaccination groups and social media.

As mentioned earlier, serious diseases still exist worldwide, but thanks to vaccines, most parents today have never seen the devastating effects of these diseases. Diseases like polio, measles and whooping cough that have been known in the past to completely overcome communities still exist, and when vaccination rates are low, it’s probable an outbreak can occur.

In the U.S., vaccines are tested repeatedly and thoroughly before being given to children. As new information becomes available about any vaccine, updates are made to ensure safety as well as effectiveness. Side effects are quite rare from vaccinations and are most definitely less of a risk than contracting one of the diseases if one decides NOT to vaccinate. Most all children can be vaccinated safely with the exception of children with allergies to something in a vaccine or children with a weakened immune system due to illness.

If you are looking for more reasons to vaccinate or have questions about any vaccinations recommended for your child, don’t hesitate to ask your child’s doctor at their next visit. The Association of Childcare Physicians can be reached by calling (618) 235-2311 or by visiting our website. Dr. Kellow and Dr. Shaw want your children to live healthy, quality lives, receiving the best medical care possible.

summer safety tipsIt’s finally flip flop weather and that means more outdoor activities, warmer temperatures, and summer fun. Now is the perfect time to go over safety tips with the entire family so they know how to protect themselves from too much sun, bug bites and more. Children of all ages can benefit from a summer safety conversation to kick off the best summer yet!

Sunscreen safety. Actions speak louder than words when, as parents, you use sunscreen regularly. Your children will likely not resist the application of sunscreen before an afternoon at the pool when they see you are also being cautious. Help younger children apply sunscreen, and eventually teach them how to do it themselves, with supervision. Generally speaking, use generous amounts of UVA and UVB blocking sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, reapplying every two hours. Long day outside on the water or beach? UV protective clothing, hats and sunglasses will prevent too much sun exposure and also ensures you’ll be able to enjoy the next beautiful day without a sunburn!

Keep bugs at bay. There are some repellents made with DEET, which can be toxic when consumed. If you do decide to use DEET, make sure to get it washed off your hands especially before bedtime to prevent any overexposure. Doctors recommend a 30% DEET concentration to prevent viruses like West Nile. There are other options available, however. Talk to your Association of Childcare Physician; they’d be happy to suggest DEET alternatives. It’s important to know that just because some insect repellents are listed as “natural”, doesn’t necessarily mean they are safe. Wearing long sleeves, avoiding play by stagnant pools of water, and the avoidance of perfumed soap will help keep those bugs from biting you or your loved ones.

Food safety in the summer heat. Bacteria grows faster in hotter temperatures and humidity. With outdoor picnics and cook-outs, food is being prepared and eaten outside, sometimes being left in the warmer temperatures longer than it should be. Additionally, the ability to find a place to wash your hands before that summer feast may be hard to find. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before eating if you can’t find a sink with soap and don’t cross-contaminate your food by re-using utensils or plates that may have been exposed to uncooked food at your summer campsite.

Other tips, like drinking enough water when in the outdoor heat, wearing safety helmets when biking around town or on the bike trail, and safeguarding home playgrounds to ensure safe, summer fun are topics the entire family should discuss. Own a trampoline in your backyard or know of one in the neighborhood? Everyday Health offers some handy tips to keep your kids safe while jumping at https://www.everydayhealth.com/kids-health/5-tips-for-trampoline-safety.aspx.

If you would like to learn more about keeping your children safe this summer, please contact the Association of Childcare Physicians by calling (618) 235-2311 or by visiting our website. Dr. Kellow and Dr. Shaw want your children to stay healthy and safe, enjoying the summer months and making memories that will last a lifetime.

dry drowningAs the warmer summer months approach, so do the fun-filled trips to local pools. Pool parties and cool pool fun can be a highlight of the summer, but it’s also important to know that children are at a higher risk than adults for drowning. About one in five people who die from drowning every day are children 14 and younger, based on a factsheet from the CDC about water safety.

As parents, we want to keep our children safe from harm and it’s important to know about water safety as pools open this Memorial Day weekend. However, we should also be watching out for our child when they get out of the water. Drowning is a risk that can happen, but there are also extensions to traditional drowning that may cause harm – or even death.

Have you ever heard of dry drowning? This occurs after someone has accidentally attempted to inhale water (although it doesn’t enter the lungs) and the vocal cords do not relax. Due to this spasm, air does not enter the lungs, thus mimicking a drowning effect. As parents, it’s important to recognize the symptoms of dry drowning. They are:

  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Persistent Coughing
  • Sleepiness
  • Choking
  • Vomiting

There are ways to avoid this frightening occurrence and lower the risk of water injuries and accidents.

  • Monitor your children around water at all times. It’s important your children know the dangers of the water and learn to swim.
  • Designate an older child or another adult to watch out for everyone with you. Two pairs of eyes are better than one.
  • Own a pool? It’s best to have a barrier around it so no one accidentally falls in. In many jurisdictions, this is also required by law.
  • For the little ones: puddle jumpers, life vests and more. You can never be too careful with floating devices and strong supervision.
  • Don’t put too many rafts in the pool; they can block the surface and your little one might not be able to come up for air quickly enough.
  • Limit pool time. As children grow more tired and less aware, accidents are more likely to Children of all ages benefit from rest and breaks from being in the pool.

In addition, there is also another term referred to as “secondary drowning” where water does reach the lungs but the person slowly drowns over the next 48 hours. You can monitor both types of drowning by looking for the symptoms that we have listed above. If you see any of the symptoms in your child, take them to the emergency room immediately. They will be able to quickly assess the situation and decide the best course of action. There are medical tests and medical options for your loved one that may be experiencing lack of oxygen, so don’t delay when seeking medical care after a presumed dry drowning incident.

Need more information about dry drowning and how to prevent it? Contact the Association of Childcare Physicians by calling (618) 235-2311 or by visiting our website. Dr. Kellow and Dr. Shaw want your children to stay healthy and safe this summer and all year long.

co-sleepingWhen you become a parent, you are making crucial decisions on an ongoing basis regarding the health and happiness of your child. One of those decisions, as common as it may sound, is regarding where your child sleeps and it’s a wildly debated topic.

A parent can decide to co-sleep with their baby – which means having your newborn sleep in bed with you or next to the bed in the same room. However, the high risk associated with sleeping with your child in the bed with you as a parent or caregiver is often considered too high of a risk to take.

Instead of actually sleeping in the bed with your newborn, bassinets are a wonderful option. A new parent can make co-sleeping work for them without the newborn actually sleeping in the bed. Co-sleeping benefits can be achieved by placing a bassinet next to the bed instead. One statistic on co-sleeping indicated that there were 8,207 infant deaths from 2004 to 2012 in 24 states, and 74% of those deaths occurred in a bed-sharing situation.

Some may argue that co-sleeping reduces the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). However, you gain more risks when putting the child in the bed with you. By simply putting the newborn in a bassinet next to the bed, rather than in the bed, you are decreasing the risk factors of two sleeping adults possibly suffocating the newborn accidentally while in bed with him or her. The American Academy of Pediatrics says sleeping in the parent’s room, separately, on a safe surface (such as a crib or bassinet) lowers SIDS up to 50%.

The US National Library of Medicine states that co-sleeping is popular, even though there are risks involved. In 2012, a study was done on bed-sharing between parents and newborns and the occurrence of co-sleeping doubled from 1993 and 2010 from a mere 6% to 13.5%. Why do parents still co-sleep?  Studies show that babies can get a boost in development from sleeping with their parents. Keep in mind this feeling of added security is also believed to happen when the newborn sleeps in the parent’s room, safe and secure in a nearby crib.

Another reason to co-sleep is for mothers that breastfeed. Breastfeeding can be easier when the baby is in the room because newborns are eating around the clock. However, even if your baby is within arms reach in a crib nearby, you can breastfeed with ease, if you chose to do so.

It’s true: being a parent can be exhausting, especially with a newborn! Co-sleeping often disturbs a parent’s deep sleep because of the worry that your newborn is sleeping right next to you in the bed.  Your sleep is imperative to your well-being, especially now that you have a newborn you are caring for every day and night.

Think about the ABC’s of Safe Sleeping, found at the website pathways.org:

A –  Alone. The newborn sleeps alone. Not with you in the bed. This is good for the first six to twelve months of an infant’s life.

B –  Back. The baby sleeps on their back with nothing interfering. Such as a back pad, blankets, and covers or toys.

C –  Crib. Your infant needs to be sleeping somewhere, and a crib or bassinet is your best option.

Deciding to co-sleep is a decision between you and your partner. But it’s important to understand the significance of setting up a good routine for you, your baby and your entire household. If you have questions or concerns about your newborn’s sleep schedule or co-sleeping, contact Dr. Kellow or Dr. Shaw and we’d be happy to discuss what’s best for your beautiful, new family member. Give us a call at 618-235-2311 or contact us here.

protect your child from dangerous online behaviorThe Tide Challenge is one of the most dangerous internet challenges that may have influenced impressionable children in decades. The challenge began by viral videos surfacing of teens biting into the pod, with the detergent running down their face and into their bodies. The trend started in late 2017, still circulating the internet today.

The Tide challenge, of course, was incredibly dangerous. There have been hospitalizations, deaths, and cases of children nearly losing their lives…all because kids wanted ten minutes of fame on YouTube or other social media outlets. The incredible danger of putting one of the colorful detergent-filled packs into their mouth, then biting down, seems unthinkable. As adults, we know that the pod bursting with harmful chemicals into the mouth and into the digestive system of children is a ridiculous way to get attention.

Although this particular video challenge is in the past with new containers being introduced and parents being placed on high-alert, there are always other “challenges” making the news.

Other challenges that have swept the internet include the Kylie Lip Challenge, the Ice and Salt Challenge, the Cinnamon Challenge, and even more recently—The Bird Box Challenge. Based off of the popular movie by the same name, kids are putting on a blindfold and completing their daily activities like working, cooking, and even more dangerous—driving.

Protecting your children from dangerous behaviors they may be exposed to is imperative to their well-being. As parents, there are things we can do to make sure an internet challenge doesn’t turn into an internet tragedy.

There are ways to limit the dangerous videos they view going viral on YouTube. On most devices, you can remove the “YouTube” permission entirely. Another option, allowing them to use “YouTube Kids” solely, protects children from the unfiltered “YouTube” website, often not filtering the videos showcasing harmful behaviors.

Another social media platform, Snapchat, is where some of the wilder challenges can spread, with no trace found. This platform shows the message with seconds to spare, only to disappear moments later. Many Snapchat channels can be viewed showcasing celebrities and their escapades, other area youths doing “day to day” activities, and more. Filtering is non-existent, and often kids add friends to their Snapchat groups they hardly know. Monitoring this app is important and having discussions about what is appropriate is always a crucial step in communicating with our children about social media. If you are asking yourself if your child is too young for Snapchat, he or she probably is.

It’s also important to communicate with other parents as well as school administrators about what your child may be watching online. Even doing a quick “online search” of the latest social media crazes is easy to do. By far, the best way to keep your children safe is by talking to them about the benefits and pitfalls of social media. Make sure they know keeping their privacy online is a key safety step. Never use their full name, phone number or address without a parent’s permission. Don’t open emails from people they don’t know, and never respond to hurtful or disturbing messages. Talking to your children is one of the most important things you can do. By understanding and asking what is going on in their lives, they are more likely to communicate with you any issues or concerns.

If you would like to learn more, please contact the Association of Childcare Physicians by calling (618) 235-2311 or by visiting our website. Dr. Kellow and Dr. Shaw want your children to stay healthy and safe, learning practical lifestyle behaviors that they can use for a lifetime.

Should I Give My Kids Supplements?Fruits, grains, protein and vegetables are all a part of the classic “food pyramid”. A newer representation of this handy graphic, called MyPlate, can be found at www.choosemyplate.gov offering an easy reminder for all of us to eat healthy. A variety of foods offer our children the vitamins and minerals needed to maintain active, healthy lifestyles. And, eating right at an early age will only help to develop young taste buds in children – cravings that prefer a diet with limited sugar and a lot of natural, healthy goodness found in the MyPlate guidelines.

We all know the importance of eating a well-balanced diet, but then reality sets in. Late night practices, slept-through alarms, and rushing from point A to point B can make ensuring your children always receive the healthiest options more difficult. With fast food drive-throughs and skipped meals, how do we make sure our children are receiving the nutrients they need to thrive? That’s when supplements may need to be considered as part of your daily routine.

If your child is a picky-eater or maintains a poor diet, supplements may make sense. Other reasons supplements can be used include incorporating them into the diet of children that follow a vegetarian or a vegan diet. Integrating vitamin B12 would be beneficial since it’s only found in animal-based proteins. Some celiac diseases also put children at a higher risk for deficiencies, making supplements a wonderful option for them.

The best option? Strive for a well-rounded diet. A balanced diet includes dairy (or dairy alternatives), fruits, veggies, grains and proteins like eggs, nuts, and poultry. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, most of our children simply do NOT get enough iron and enough calcium. Some foods that offer iron include beef, pork, turkey, beans and spinach. Why is iron important? It builds strong muscles and helps to produce red blood cells. If your child is lacking iron, you may notice they are tired, are more anxious, and become ill more often. Calcium found in dairy products, spinach and broccoli helps grow healthy bones and if children don’t get enough of it, they could suffer from poor growth and osteoporosis as they age.

Other supplements typically important in a child’s development include Vitamin D, A, and B. Vitamin D is important because it controls the absorption of calcium and helps grow strong bones and teeth. Kids that consume less than 32 ounces of Vitamin D may need a supplement to meet those recommended amounts. Vitamin B helps with metabolism and energy, and Vitamin A helps with normal growth for healthy skin, eyes and resistance against infection.

Unsure if your child would benefit from a supplement? It’s best to check with your child’s doctor and discuss options. Taking large amounts of vitamins, for example, can prove to be more harmful than beneficial. Thousands of children are taken to the ER each year because they have consumed too many vitamins, usually unsupervised. Although children’s vitamins in chewable, gummy-form are more desirable to take, sometimes children can treat their consumption like candy. It’s best to always administer any vitamins to your child and keep the bottle on a tall, hard-to-reach shelf to be safe. Ideally, getting vitamins and minerals through food and drink should be your ultimate goal for a happy, healthy lifestyle.

Have specific questions about your child’s diet or other ways to incorporate healthy eating? We are happy to help! Deciding to incorporate supplements, like a daily vitamin, into your child’s diet may make sense but it’s important to discuss it with one of our pediatricians first. Learn more by contacting the Association of Childcare Physicians by calling (618) 235-2311 or by visiting our website. Dr. Kellow and Dr. Shaw want to make sure your child learn healthy eating habits as a foundation for an overall healthy lifestyle!

child clinically depressedChildren, like adults, can experience “the blues”. For reasons unknown, all of us may feel sad, depressed and not like ourselves at times. For older children, hormones may be surging so irritability and mood swings can happen when least expected. If you find that your child is displaying depression symptoms that don’t seem to go away after a couple weeks, interrupting normal activities for an extended period of time, it may be time to schedule an appointment with your doctor to find out if your child is clinically depressed.


Some typical symptoms of depression that may surface requiring your attention, include:

  • Irritable mood, seemingly depressed, mood swings
  • Problems sleeping or ability to focus
  • Trouble at school, lack of interest in school and failing grades
  • Feeling angry or irritable
  • A feeling of worthlessness
  • Sadness and/or crying fits
  • Lack of interest in friends and activities
  • Lack of energy
  • Decreased self-esteem
  • Change in eating habits
  • Suicidal thoughts

If your child is feeling depressed, it’s important to seek help and let them know that they didn’t do anything wrong. It’s also common for children to be diagnosed with depression and an anxiety disorder at the same time, based on research by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, or ADAA.

Typically, there are two types of depression. One is considered major depression and the other is called dysthymia. When major depression happens, it can last over two weeks and can occur more than once throughout your child’s life. Traumatic events can trigger depression in a child (or an adult). Dysthymia is not as severe but instead considered a chronic form of depression that can last for up to two years.

When parents are depressed, their children are at a great risk for depression. Depression can affect people of all ages and genders, however; girls are more likely to develop depression during their adolescence years. Unfortunately, studies indicate that about 80 percent of kids with an anxiety disorder and 60 percent with depression are not getting treatment, and this can lead to suicidal thoughts.

Treatment options for depression.

Treatments for depression and anxiety can often be treated comparably and at the same time. If you believe your child is depressed, it’s extremely important to get help and not ignore the symptoms. Most children, over time, find great success managing their symptoms after receiving professional guidance.

Two of the most effective treatment options for children with anxiety include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and medication. CBT is a “talk-therapy” that has been proven to treat depression and anxiety disorders. With this type of therapy, the child can use techniques to manage and reduce their anxiety with skills they’ve learned during their sessions. Skills learned include replacing negative thinking patterns with positive ones and learning the difference between “realistic” and “non-realistic” thoughts. CBT is generally a short-term treatment with sessions lasting about 3-4 months but the benefits learned from this type of therapy can be long-term.

Another successful treatment includes medication. Prescription medications can be useful and used in conjunction with talk-therapy sessions. Research indicates that a combination of CBT and an antidepressant worked better for children ages 7-17 than either individual treatment used alone. The use of medication can be used short or long term, depending on the child’s symptoms and how well they improve using medication combined with therapy.

Need more information about childhood depression, symptoms and treatments? The Association of Childcare Physicians can help. Rebecca Salah, MA, LCPC, has joined our office as a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor. Ms. Salah has experience working with children and adults of all ages, specializing in areas including depression, anxiety, PTSD, grief, substance abuse and more. Learn more about Ms. Salah at https://childcarephysicians.com/about/ or call us to schedule an appointment at (618) 235-2111.

Educational ToysAmazon recently announced the toys they anticipate being the hottest for Christmas this year. The Good Housekeeping team also weighed in on which toys are going to be the most popular. Based on their recommendations, we’ve accumulated the top 10 educational toys for kids that you may want to find at your local stores or online before they disappear.

Crayola Color Chemistry Set for Kids
For $24.97, this set from Crayola transforms your child into a scientist thanks to the 50 experiments. Adult supervision is recommended.

Melissa & Doug Examine and Treat Pet Vet Play Set
This vet kit is for ages 3 and older, offering a wide-variety of veterinary tools for $25.49. The Good Housekeeping toy experts liked that this set helps kids practice empathy and caring while they play.

Melissa & Doug Scoop and Serve Ice Cream Counter
This fun-filled ice cream scoop set is priced at $39.95 and is great for hand-eye coordination and also creative play. The 28-piece wooden set includes an ice cream counter, eight ice cream scoops, six toppings, two cones, cup, scooper, tongs, wooden spoon, and six $1 bills so kids can learn the basics about running an ice-cream shop with their friends.

Ozobot Bit Coding Robot
Ozobots are award-winning robots that can teach your kids about coding through coloring on a tablet. Depending on the colors and designs they use, the Ozobots will follow commands. Whether it’s Evo or Bit, these app-connected robots get kids coding and loving robots with the stroke of a marker. Prices start around $46.

Kano ‘Harry Potter’ Coding Kit
Thanks to the release of Fantastic Beasts 2, a ton of new Harry Potter-inspired toys are hitting the market in 2018. This STEM option teaches kids to code a wand that responds to their movements. Priced at $99.

LEGO ‘Harry Potter’ Hogwarts Great Hall Building Kit
Harry Potter lovers and kids aged 9 and up will love this building kit! For $99.99, this Hogwarts building kit was a huge hit. It comes with a potions room, treasure room, sorting hat, and the Mirror of Erised so they can take Harry and friends on their wildest adventures yet.

Osmo Genius Kit
For $89, the Osmo Genius Kit is a good excuse for screen time. The kit offers up fun games on the iPad to promote math, spelling, and other learning skills. There are a many positive reviews circulating around this hot toy, but some parents do think that the ads were a downside.

littleBits Avengers Hero Inventor Kit
Another STEM toy, Good Housekeeping loved the variety of projects offered in this Hero Inventor Kit.  With 18 projects, your kids will likely enjoy this toy for the long, winter months. Some of the more advanced projects even let them practice coding. This kit is priced at $149.00.

LEGO Boost Creative Toolbox
This kit won the 2017 Good Housekeeping Toy Award last year and is believed to be another hot toy for this upcoming holiday season! For $159.95 and for kids aged 7 and up, this LEGO toolbox is packed with over 840 LEGO pieces as well as a move hub and interactive motor.

Coding is a hot toy topic for this holiday, and Cozmo is one toy that will help kids fall in love with it! If your kids are new to coding, this friendly robot will let them explore and interact, play games and more. Cozmo is for kids 3 years and up, priced at $179.99.

Are you ready to start shopping for the perfect educational toy this holiday season? View the complete list at that highlights toys at all price points and all ages. Happy Holidays from all of us at the Association of Childcare Physicians!

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